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会计毕业论文 企业资本结构与绩效的关系研究

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企业资本结构与绩效的关系研究 ——以浙江上市公司为例 摘要: 企业是社会经济体中的最为重要的微观主体,而企业的良好经营和持续发 展,离不开投资融资活动,相应的各种融资方式、筹资类型和资本组合影响公司的资本 结构变化,进而提升或降低企业业绩和经营质量。上市公司的资本结构和业绩表现及其 相互影响情况为人们所关注。资本结构是企业治理的根本,公司治理依存于资本结构。 资本结构中的股权融资和债权融资的主体是债权人、股东和经营者,他们在上市公司治 理中存在着动态的依存关系,在公司治理中为提高企业的绩效也起主要作用。合理的资 本结构对于规范企业经营行为、加强企业内部管理、优化企业资源配置、提升企业价值 等具有重要的现实意义。本文在前人的研究基础上,研究公司资本结构与绩效之间的关 系。从资本结构理论出发,将公司资本结构以其指标的形式分为资产负债率、长期负债 率、短期负债率、股权集中度四个维度,并从市场价值、盈利能力二个维度衡量公司绩 效,构建模型,提出4个假设。以浙江上市公司为例,收集二手数据进行实证分析,进 行假设验证,并根据结果提出建议。 关键词:资本结构;公司绩效;浙江上市公司 The study on the relationship between Capital structure and Corporate performance ——the analysis based on the listed companies in Zhejiang province Abstract: Market economy is based on micro-enterprises, and a good corporate management and sustainable development, it can not be separated from investment financing activities, the corresponding variety of financing, funding types and combinations of capital changes in the company's capital structure, and then raise or lower business performance and business quality. Capital structure, performance and their mutual influence of listed companies are more concerned. Capital structure is the fundamental of the corporate governance, and the corporate governance dependent on the capital structure. Creditors, shareholders and managers are the main part of equity financing and debt financing in the capital structure. They dynamically depends each other in corporate governance, and play a major role in company I performance. Reasonable capital structure has important practical significance for strengthening internal management, standardizing business operations, optimizing the allocation of resources and enhancing corporate value. This paper is about the relationship between Capital structure and Corporate performance based on previous studies. Based on the theory of capital structure, this paper decomposes the Capital structure from four aspects, such as asset-liability ratio, long term debt ratio, short-term debt ratio and ownership concentration, and decomposes company’s performance from two aspects, such as market value and profitability, then build model and proposes four assumptions. Then analysis the list companies’ annual report data in Zhejiang, and make sure assumption are established, and put forward the some suggestions based on the study. Key words: The listed companies in Zhejiang; Capital structure; Corporate performance II 目 1 引 2.1 2.2 3.1 录 言 ....................................................................



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